In the last decade, competitive sports have taken on a whole new meaning, where intensity has increased together with the incidence of injuries to the athletes.
This triggered a strong need to develop better and faster treatments that allow the injured athlete to return to competition faster than with the normal course of rehabilitation, with a low risk of re-injury.
Sports injuries cause trauma to the body either directly or indirectly and can be classified as either minor or major. Some examples of minor injuries include sprains, strains, cuts, minor burns, contusions and simple fractures.
Examples of major injuries include, but are not limited to: concussions, deep wounds, fractures, severe contusions, and compartment syndrome.
Sport injuries, may be a result of acute impact forces in contact sports or the everyday rigors of training and conditioning.
Trauma is a multi disciplinary medical problem as it could affect many different systems of the body. Hypoxia is the major component in the changes that affect the injured tissues.
Edema (swelling) of the tissues will compound the problem created by hypoxia as it increases the diffusion distance from the capillaries to the cell.
This also affects the micro-circulation or clumping of erythrocytes that in turn impede circulation in already compromised tissue.
Although plasma still may go through the capillaries, it may not carry enough oxygen to sustain the life of cells. Here is where the oxygen under pressure proves its benefits.