Sports Injury Healing

With the use of hbo - " The recovery time in sports activities decreased dramatically "

 

In the last decade, competitive sports have taken on a whole new meaning, where intensity has increased together with the incidence of injuries to the athletes.

This triggered a strong need to develop better and faster treatments that allow the injured athlete to return to competition faster than with the normal course of rehabilitation, with a low risk of re-injury.

Sports injuries cause trauma to the body either directly or indirectly and can be classified as either minor or major. Some examples of minor injuries include sprains, strains, cuts, minor burns, contusions and simple fractures.

Examples of major injuries include, but are not limited to: concussions, deep wounds, fractures, severe contusions, and compartment syndrome.Sport injuries, may be a result of acute impact forces in contact sports or the everyday rigors of training and conditioning.

Trauma is a multi disciplinary medical problem as it could affect many different systems of the body. Hypoxia is the major component in the changes that affect the injured tissues.

Edema (swelling) of the tissues will compound the problem created by hypoxia as it increases the diffusion distance from the capillaries to the cell.

This also affects the micro-circulation or clumping of erythrocytes that in turn impede circulation in already compromised tissue.

Although plasma still may go through the capillaries, it may not carry enough oxygen to sustain the life of cells. Here is where the oxygen under pressure proves its benefits .

The use of Hyperbaric oxygen in sports inurie's

Hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) is the administration of pure oxygen (100%) at pressures greater than atmospheric pressure, i.e. more than 1 atmosphere absolute (ATA), for therapeutic healing.

Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy triggers many positive physiological events:

  • HBO has the effect of inhibiting leukocyte adhesion to the endothelium, diminishing tissue damage, which enhances leukocyte motility and improves microcirculation.

  • Reduces edema, partly because of vasoconstriction, partly due to improved homeostasis mechanisms. A high gradient of oxygen is a potent stimuli for angiogenesis, which has an important contribution in the stimulation of reparative and regenerative processes.

  • " Hypoxia in normally perfused tissue typically occurs in sports injuries due to an inflammatory response and edema. HBOT corrects hypoxia and dramatically reduces inflammation

  • " Increases fibroblast replication and collagen production. It also raises the RNA/DNA ratio in the tissues, indicating increased formation of rough endoplasmic reticulum of cells in the wounded area.

  • It's best to treat sports injuries as quickly as possible.

    Data from many studies suggest that treatment should be instituted with in the first 24-48 hours. Some studies indicate the first 12 hours is very important and the injury should be treated aggressively from 2.2 ATA to 2.8 ATA between 60-90 min.

     

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